There are two main forms of archery practiced in Ireland: Target archery and field archery.
Target archery is staged in an indoor hall or outdoor playing field. Targets are at set distances and the field is always flat.
Field archery is comprised of a number of targets set in a course on undulating terrain, often in a forest. Each target differs in size, distance and angle. The archer shoots 3 arrows at each target before moving on to the next. It is often compared to golf.
In world archery there are 5 distinct types of bow, and archer compete in classes based on these bow-types. Full definitions can be found in the rulebook at archery.org
The common class of bow is the Olympic-style recurve. This bow has recurve shaped limbs and uses a sight and stabilisers.
The next most common bow is the compound. The compound bow is an advanced bow using a cam (pulley) system to create a faster and more accurate bow. This type of bow can use magnified sights, trigger-release aids and stabilisers.
A barebow is a modern recurve bow, like the Olympic-style bow, but without sights or stabilisers.
An instinctive bow is a bow made from wood but which can be “taken down”. Arrows can be wood, aluminium or carbon. No string- or face-walking is permitted.
A longbow is a more traditional type bow, It is a single piece of wood with straight limbs and must be shot with wooden arrows.